Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women in Singapore. The disease causes the cells in the breast to grow at an abnormal rate and although there are different kinds of breast cancer, most of these begin in the ducts or lobules. In progressive stages, cancer cells can spread outside the breast through lymph and blood vessels.
Choosing the right breast cancer treatment in Singapore is a tough decision for any woman diagnosed with the disease. The plan for breast cancer treatment in Singapore, best decided by a multi-disciplinary team, will depend on the type of breast cancer (in situ or invasive), its stage, grade and tumour size, the patient’s medical condition, and whether the cancer cells are hormone-sensitive.
How to Check for Breast Cancer:
It is crucial to regularly check your breasts for abnormal changes such as dimpling of the skin, retracted nipple, abnormal nipple discharge, or a lump. Early detection will enable better outcomes from breast cancer treatment in Singapore, preventing the cancer from progressing to an advanced stage.
Consult a doctor immediately if you notice any abnormal lumps, dimpling of the skin, or any other changes to your nipples or skin tissue. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist who may do a detailed assessment of your condition. If diagnosed with breast cancer, your specialist will advise you on the next steps and the breast cancer treatment options in Singapore that are best suited for you. They will also work with you to come up with a breast cancer treatment plan, while advising you about any side effects.
There are two types of breast cancer surgery namely lumpectomy and mastectomy. n lumpectomy or wide excision, the surgeon removes the breast tumour as well as a margin of healthy breast tissue surrounding it. Lumpectomy is a breast-conserving surgery suitable for small, localised, early-stage breast cancer (stages 0, 1 and 2). Radiation therapy usually follows lumpectomy to reduce cancer recurrence in the preserved breast.
In total mastectomy, the surgeon will remove the entire breast, including the nipple and areola. In a modified radical mastectomy, lymph nodes in the underarm are removed as well. There are other therapies like Chemotherapy, hormone therapy and targeted therapy too that are prescribed to those looking for breast cancer treatment in Singapore.
The medications after cancer treatment may continue for a few years to keep the re-growth of cancer cells in check. It may take several months for the patient to recover from the after-effects of cancer treatment.